Geography is challenging, awe inspiring, relevant and fun. By studying a diverse Geography curriculum, our children discover all about their world, from the immediate locality to distant, exotic places. In a diverse and ever changing world, it is important that children understand what their world and its people are like. In addition, learning how our world has changed over time, and how it may change in the future is crucial to understanding how to be responsible citizens of the world.

At Carlton Primary School we teach the following key concepts across all year groups, showing a strong progression of skills:


All pupils should have a sense of place. In short, this means they learn about places; what is it like there? How has it changed over time? They will ask and answer questions and compare similarities and differences in contrasting places. The places they will investigate will range from the immediate locality of their home and school, to destinations in the wider world.


All pupils will use maps and atlases to locate cities, countries and continents in the World. They will locate important human and physical features of the world, and learn about the significance of features such as the Equator, the tropics, time zones and weather patterns. They will learn that topographical features such as rivers and mountains have changed over time

Human and Physical Geography

All pupils will be able to describe and understand the differences between human and physical features. Older pupils will investigate how human actions can affect natural geographical features. For example, pollution, farming, trade and development and how this affects climate, weather and ecological systems.

Fieldwork and Geographical skills

All pupils will confidently read maps, globes, atlases and digital mapping resources to locate the UK and places in the wider world. They will be confident users of OS maps and aerial photographs to identify places and features. Using the local area, they will experience learning outside of the classroom, by measuring, recording and presenting human and physical features of their area in a variety of different ways.

At the heart of our Geography provision is providing excellent opportunities; both in the classroom and in the surrounding area. As well as a creative and high quality day-to-day teaching, we use school visits and visitors to school to further enhance the learning experiences of our pupils.

All pupils should have the opportunity to exceed and demonstrate “mastery” of these concepts. At Carlton Primary School, we consider “mastery” to be the ability to apply and explain Geographical concepts to a greater depth.